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Medical Geology, Gemstones to prevents Sickness and Poisoning, 10/05/18

October 5, 2018
Greetings from the Bluff Park Back Porch, way up yonder on Shades Mountain (1,109′) in Alabama:

The Witches of Macbeth

“Double, double toil and trouble;
Fire burn, and cauldron bubble….
Round about the cauldron go;
In the poison’d entrails throw.”
This one can wander down the lanes of historical eternity with no end.
One method to stop or prevent poisoning of your wine was to grind up your precious stones, rubies-diamonds-emeralds-pearls-opals, and etc.
All minerals have their healing powers, so beware, and check with your Doctor.

A Reminder

(Well said Robin A. Harton!)

Please remember, although the powers of crystals and stones are well documented and have been proven to help bring positivity into people’s lives they are never a substitute for medical advice.

If you have concerns about your physical or mental health then you should immediately contact a qualified medical professional.

Love and Light!

Crystal meanings and metaphysical healing lore and related information about stones which start with each letter of the alphabet.

Hope Diamond for whatever ails you???!!!  I don’t think that I could or would grind this up for my wine to protect me from my enemies!

Picture of a diamond.
The most famous colored diamond, the Hope Diamond
1974. The Hope Diamond, one of the largest of all blue diamonds, 45.52 carats, exhibited at the National Museum of Natural History. The gem is slightly lopsided, possibly because the bottom of the teardrop shape was cut away so that the original stolen jewel could not be identified. The setting is a circlet of smaller white diamonds on a chain of diamonds.




Mitchell GoreOwn work
Star sapphire cabochon displaying six-ray asterism.

Gem grade Ethiopian Welo precious opal pendant

DoxymoOwn work
20.05 carat Ethiopian Welo (Wello) opal set in 14k gold and surrounded by diamonds.

Best Regards and Good Health!  Randy

Medical Geology, Fluorine, 9/21/18

September 22, 2018
Greetings from the Bluff Park Back Porch, way up yonder on Shades Mountain (1,109′) in Alabama:

Fluorite crystals.  Parent GéryOwn work

Among the problems presented there are also issues with fluoride in Africa and India.

Fluoride (/ˈflʊərd, ˈflɔːr-/)[3] is an inorganic, monatomic anion with the chemical formula F
(also written [F]

), whose salts are typically white or colorless.
Fluoride ions occur on earth in several minerals, particularly fluorite, but are only present in trace quantities in bodies of water in nature.
Many minerals are known, but of paramount commercial importance is fluorite (CaF2), which is roughly 49% fluoride by mass.[4] The soft, colorful mineral is found worldwide.
Yep!  It may be naturally occurring in your drinking water.

Fluorite in US

Image result for Map of US Fluorite

The fluoridation of water is known to prevent tooth decay[21][22] and is considered by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as “one of 10 great public health achievements of the 20th century”.[23][24]

Certain groups of US citizens are against fluoridation of drinking water.
Image result for Map of US Fluorite
Fluorite Map United States | Fluorite from Bingham, Socorro Co., New Mexico, United States – 33467
Fluorescing fluorite from Boltsburn Mine, Weardale, North Pennines, County Durham, England, UK.
Didier DescouensOwn work
Fluorite Locality : Boltsburn Mine, Rookhope District, Weardale, North Pennines, Co. Durham, England, UK (15x8cm) A:Daylight B:Ultraviolet light
Deep green isolated fluorite crystal showing cubic {100} and octahedral {111} faces, complete and undamaged, set upon a micaceous matrix. Overall size: 50 mm x 27 mm. Crystal size: 19 mm wide. Weight: 30 g. From Erongo Mountain, Erongo Region, Namibia.
CarlesMillanOwn work

September 14, 2018 Daily Feed, Geology Cartoons

September 14, 2018
Greetings and Welcome to the Daily Rock and Mineral Feed.  This will consist of a daily (well – not always) compilation of decent photos of interest.
Enjoy!  R
Let me know which one you like the best.

1.  It is a lot easier than studying?.

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2.  My working companions.

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3.  Ah yes!  Freshman Earth Science.

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4.  The Essence of Life.

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5.  Err!  I repeat myself

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6.  Rock Hounds

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7. The Exploration Geologists sad tale.  Never Give Up.

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8.  Coal to diamonds, only in Superman Comics.

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9. My stack of books!

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10.  My Weekly Weather Forecast.

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11.  In House Joke.

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12.  My Chair

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Medical Geology, Silicosis, 9/14/18

September 14, 2018
Greetings from the Bluff Park Back Porch, way up yonder on Shades Mountain (1,109′) in Alabama:
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.
Most sandstone is composed of quartz or feldspar (both silicates) because they are the most resistant minerals to weathering processes at the Earth’s surface, as seen in Bowen’s reaction series. Like uncemented sand, sandstone may be any color due to impurities within the minerals, but the most common colors are tan, brown, yellow, red, grey, pink, white, and black. Since sandstone beds often form highly visible cliffs and other topographic features, certain colors of sandstone have been strongly identified with certain regions.
Silicosis also known as (Rock in the Box), miner’s phthisis, grinder’s asthma, potter’s rot and other occupation-related names[1], or by the invented name pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis[2][3]) is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust, and is marked by inflammation and scarring in the form of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs. It is a type of pneumoconiosis.[4]

The Hawks Nest Tunnel disaster was a large-scale incident of occupational silicosis as the result of the construction of the Hawks Nest Tunnel near Gauley Bridge, West Virginia, as part of a hydroelectric project. This project is considered to be one of the worst industrial disasters in American history.[1]


During the construction of the tunnel, workers found the mineral silica and were asked to mine it for use in electroprocessing steel. The workers were not given any masks or breathing equipment to use while mining, although management wore such equipment during inspection visits. As a result of the exposure to silica dust, many workers developed silicosis, a debilitating lung disease. A large number of the workers eventually died from silicosis, in some cases as quickly as within a year.[2]
There are no definitive statistics as to the death toll from the Hawks Nest disaster. According to a historical marker on site, there were 109 admitted deaths. A Congressional hearing placed the death toll at 476.[3] Other sources range from 700 to over 1,000 deaths amongst the 3,000 workers.[4] Many of the workers at the site were African-Americans from the southern United States who returned home or left the region after becoming sick, making it difficult to calculate an accurate total.[5]
>    There was at least 1 case where one of the miners died the same day he started.
+     Desert lung disease may be related to Al Eskan disease, a lung disorder thought to be caused by exposure to sand dust containing organic antigens, which was first diagnosed after the 1990 Gulf war (Iraq).
Dust pneumonia
Dust Storm Texas 1935.jpg
A Dust Bowl-era dust storm in Texas (1935)
Dust pneumonia describes disorders caused by excessive exposure to dust storms, particularly during the Dust Bowl in the United States.
Veterans Lung Diseases
My convoys consisted of a mixed brew of potential lung disorders to include Agent orange, tropical dust with all of the bacteria and viruses, diesel fumes, high humidity, just to name a few.
Must shut this down before I write a medical history of Vietnam.  Thanks, Randy

Tuwaday, September 11, 2018, 2018, Daily Feed

September 11, 2018
Greetings and Welcome to the Daily Rock and Mineral Feed.  This will consist of a daily (well – not always) compilation of decent photos of interest.
The Rockhound Connection
and numerous quotes and images from my Facebook friends.


These are the images that appeal to my sensibilities or the lack thereof.


1. Manicouagan Crater in the Canadian Shield
Manicouagan Crater in the Canadian Shield is one of the largest known terrestrial impact craters (astrobleme). It is ~65 kilometers in diameter and was created ~214 million years ago by the impact of a hypervelocity meteor (~20km/sec) about 5 km in diameter. The crater contains an annular lake called Manicouagan Reservoir which surrounds René-Levasseur Island. The reservoir spans an area of nearly 2,000 kms. The lake and island are clearly visible from space and are known as the “eye of Québec “. At the point of impact, the rocks were instantaneously shattered and melted by the energy released, leaving a 200 to 600 cu km sheet of impact melt directly upon the basement rocks. The force of the impact exhumed and liquefied these rocks down to as deep as 9 km. The heat released was so intense that it took between 1,600 and 5,000 years before the melted rocks cooled. The annular moat, prominent in space images, fills a ring where impact-brecciated rock was once eroded away by glaciation. Erosion has removed about a km. of rock from the region. The diameter of the original crater was approximately three times the size of the circular lake as seen from the space photo. hashtag#geology hashtag#impactcrater hashtag#canada
Richard Fink

Richard Fink Independent Mining and Minerals Industry Advisor

It is interesting to note that Manicouagan is estimated to be the 5th largest impact crater on earth, but there is no mass extinction associated with this event. 

2. I want some of them purple agates with my samich, R

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Natural Botryoidal Chalcedony purple Grape Agate Specimen Indonesia
Photo: @indomineralsamektha

Geology Wonders

3. Love it.  R

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North Carolina Mountain Towns of Cashiers, Cherokee, Dillsboro, and Sylva

Take the scenic route on The Blue Ridge Parkway. 🚘🌲 This 469-mile highway hugs Jackson County’s northwest border and was the first road in the world designed for leisure travel. Find your route on our website. 📷 Keith Kustmann

4.  Never saw that (quartz crystals) in my mining daze.  R

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Arx and Elio Mulle. Look the post I shared days ago.
Franz Von Arx L Crystals.-
Another photo belonging to the post I shared a few days ago about the finding of these gigantic quartz in the Swiss Alps.
One more picture about these giant crystals were discovered in Swiss Alps by Franz von Arx and Elio Mulle. Look the post I shared days ago.

4.  Kool Lava

'Mountain of God' the Weirdest Volcano in the World

5.  Adamite is a zinc arsenate hydroxide mineral, Zn2AsO4OH.

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PARADAMITE is a zinc arsenate hydroxide.
It is a “polymorph” or “dimorph” (different words meaning the same thing) of the more common arsenic mineral, ADAMITE.
Dimorphous * means that the two minerals have the same chemical formula, yet different structures.
* Di means two. Morphous means shape
From Mexico

6.  Another Wow. Sapphire.

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Corundum (var. Sapphire) – me 1538-Myanmar
Mogok, Sagaing Division, Mandalay
Barrel-shaped crystal with slightly “melted” shapes showing a different color according to the light (gray-green in daylight, more pinkish in artificial light); this effect could be due to the presence of traces of vanadium.
Crystal in keg with a little “rendered” with a different colour following light (Grey-Green in light of the day, and rather pink in artificial light); this effect would be due to vanadium traces.


No automatic alt text available.


Wulfenite | #Geology
Chemical Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Color: Orange-yellow
Locality: Los Lastonares Mines, Albuñuelas, Granada, Andalusia, Spain
Amazing Geologist
FOV: 5 mm

Photo Copyright © Christian Rewitzer

8.  Sure looks flowery?.  R

Pyrrhotite is an iron sulfide mineral with the formula Fe(1-x)S (x = 0 to 0.2).
Rhodonite is a manganese inosilicate, (Mn, Fe, Mg, Ca)SiO3

No automatic alt text available.
Rhodonite and Pyrrhotite From Huallanca, Peru
Amazing Geologist

9.  Diamond

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NEW MINERAL @ mim museum

Diamond – mim 1591 – Russia
Udachnaya-Vostochnaya Trubka, Respublika Sakha, Sibir’

Transparent almost perfect 53.05 carat octahedron with smooth and flat faces, with some slightly modified terminations and inclusions (of flattened sulfide crystals, probably pyrrhotite+pentlandite) in its center. The latter are reflected 4 times thanks to a kaleidoscope effect on the faces. Unlike most diamonds, this one has almost not been dissolved by the kimberlite which must have risen very fast to the surface of the Earth, hence the flat and smooth faces, as well as the straight edges. Such crystals are known in the trade as “Glassies”

53.05-carat octahedron, transparent almost perfect with smooth and flat faces, with a few slightly modified peaks and inclusions (flattened crystals of sulphides, probably pyrrhotite+pentlandite) at the centre that is 4 times by kaleidoscope effect. Unlike most diamonds, it was virtually not dissolved by the kimberlite, which had to lift it quickly to the surface of the earth, hence flat and smooth surfaces, as well as very sharp sides. Such crystals are called “glassies”.

Now? Where would we put it? Mantle is not big enough and is cluttered already. Fireplace is full. Yard art? R
Image may contain: 1 person, smiling, playing a sport and standing

I made it home from The Denver Show!! Had to leave this!! Lol. But bought a few nice pieces I wanted.

TIFFANY STONE!! This rose quartz Sphere is $15,000. Thanks Woodie Stephen Woodruff for finding out the price!

Thursday Daily Feed, September 6, 2018, Geomorphology

September 6, 2018
Greetings and Welcome to the Daily Rock and Mineral Feed.  This will consist of a daily (well – not always) compilation of decent photos of interest.
from Geomorphological Features.
These are the images that appeal to my sensibilities or the lack thereof.
>  per Wikipedia.  “Geomorphology (from Ancient Greek: γῆ, , “earth”; μορφή, morphḗ, “form”; and λόγος, lógos, “study”) is the scientific study of the origin and evolution of topographic and bathymetric features created by physical, chemical or biological processes operating at or near the Earth’s surface. Geomorphologists seek to understand why landscapes look the way they do, to understand landform history and dynamics and to predict changes through a combination of field observations, physical experiments and numerical modeling. Geomorphologists work within disciplines such as physical geography, geology, geodesy, engineering geology, archaeology, climatology and geotechnical engineering. This broad base of interests contributes to many research styles and interests within the field.”


Articles below have been retrieved from

1.  Angular unconformity, Central Utah. Pleistocene gravel overlying faulted and tilted Triassic Moenkopi Formation. Photo Credits @marlibmiller

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2. These amazing formations in the shape of helical columns were found on the shores of Crowley Lake, California, USA.

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3.  Kilve Beach, West Somerset, England by Colin Dunjohn.

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4.  The Velodrome is a large recumbent fold spilled southward, formed at the end of the Tertiary (23 to 5 million years) at the Alpine front. It consists of sedimentary series composed mainly of sand, sandstone and conglomerate produced by erosion of the Alps.

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5.  Chevron folds in Scaglia Rossa limestones and limy shales. This folding is associated with the orogenic uplift of the Apennines of Italy (Credit: @callanbentley)

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6. Chalk layers in Cyprus, showing sedimentary layering (credit: Grj)

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7. The angular unconformity at the town of Cody, Wyoming, along the Shoshone River. The overlying rocks are the Quaternary Cody Terrace Gravels. The underlying rocks dip to the east and are the Late Permian Park City Formation (siliceous carbonates & tan-gray shale) and the Early Triassic Dinwoody Fm. (tan-gray-red siltstone, gypsum, & dolomite). Neither of these formations are very thick, and the overlying red Triassic Chugwater Fm. can be seen down at the bend in the river. (credit: Lynn Recker).

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8. Perfect hexagonal columnar joint basalt rocks , giants causeway, Ireland!
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9.  The cross-bedded Navajo Sandstone at Zion!

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10.  Folds on Mt Kidd south peak, Alberta, Canada!

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“Just when you thought that you had the answers?”

Thursday, September 6, 2018, 2018, Daily Feed

September 6, 2018
Greetings and Welcome to the Daily Rock and Mineral Feed.  This will consist of a daily (well – not always) compilation of decent photos of interest.
The Rockhound Connection
and numerous quotes and images from my Facebook friends.


These are the images that appeal to my sensibilities or the lack thereof.



1.  Banded Agate

Richard Nass shared a photo to the group: The Rockhound Connection.

I love looking Inside a fine agate. iI like to explore all the Designs and natural colors mixing . Every agate is unique and to me amazing as the Complex Geology in how the were made , as can’t duplicate a Million years in a Lab.

2.  Melanite Garnet

No automatic alt text available.
Andreas Schmid updated the group photo in Garnets worldwide.

X = ca. 22 mm
High Atlas, Meknes-Tafifalet
Sorry but I saw the Serifos pic was already in use as a group pic.

3.  Tanzanite.  Send me 3 please.  R

No automatic alt text available.
An incredible Tanzanite natural crystal, weighing 2019.45 cts, yes, almost 404 grams! Mined about 8 years ago, we took a photo of this piece back lit, to show that natural unheated colors.
This piece is presently on hold, still, we have many other fine Tanzanite crystals, available at New Era Gems, at the Denver Gem and Mineral Show, Clarion Hotel, 200 west 48th avenue, Denver, Colorado. We are located in the ballroom behind the elevator.

4.  Pileated Woodpecker

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Male Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) feeding chicks. In Florida, USA by Hal and Kirsten Snyder.

5.  Bi=Colored Tourmaline.

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Just with our Presence and Breath, we can Elevate each other’s Souls~ Be kind to one another!

6.  Chrysocolla & Malachite slice

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incredible stalactite Chrysocolla & Malachite slice
Photo: Rocks for the Spirit

7.  Fluorite

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Unique Tamarind Fluorite from India

8.  Cloudland Canyon, GA

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With summer winding down we can’t help but feel the excitement for cool weather, cozy campfires, and spectacular fall foliage:
An outstanding fall throwback photo from Cloudland Canyon by our ambassador Hung Ta, @hungqta on Instagram. Thanks for sharing, Hung!

Friday Daily Feed, August 31, 2018

September 1, 2018
Where does time go?
Greetings and Welcome to the Daily Rock and Mineral Feed.  This will consist of a daily (well – not always) compilation of decent photos of interest.
The Rockhound Connection
and numerous quotes and images from my Facebook friends.


These are the images that appeal to my sensibilities or the lack thereof.



>    Way too many pretties for me to keep track of.

1. Backpacking & Rockhounding – Two Hobbies You Should Never Let Meet

2. Purple Amethyst Anyone?!

No automatic alt text available.
Amethyst || #Geology
Colour:Violet – purple
Amazing Geologist
5 x 4 x 4 cm

3.  Aquamarine and Albite

No automatic alt text available.
21 hrs ·
Aquamarine and Albite | #Geology #GeologyPage #Mineral
Locality: Shigar Valley, Skardu District, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
Size: 6.8 x 4.1 x 2.6 cm
Photo Copyright © Saphira Minerals

4.  Now let me try some modern video??

5.  I’ll take one of these aquamarines also.  R

Very High quality perfect Aquamarine Crystal from Northern area of Pakistan.
Photo: mine-to-market

6.  Me want one of these rubies.  R

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Ruby on matrix. Photo by Benjamin DeCamp

7.  A plate of these will do adequately, rubies.

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Congratulation Geoff Small, this specimen enter this RECORD and thank you for your contribution.
View this wonderful post at Friendship Club of Minerals Museum Singapore.

8.  Go dig in Utah.

My favorite mineral crystal

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One of the rarest Minerals on earth:
Bixbite (Beryl) From Wah Wah Mountains, Utah.

9.  Realgar, α-As4S4, is an arsenic sulfide mineral, also known as “ruby sulphur” or “ruby of arsenic”.

Realgar Locality: Royal Reward Mine, Green River Gorge, Franklin, King County, Washington, USA (Locality at Size: 2.2 x 1.1 x 0.8 cm. An aesthetic cluster of gemmy, bright, cherry-red realgar crystals nicely attached to a bit of matrix. This piece is from the less well-known Royal Reward Mine of Washington. The specimen probably dates to the 1970s. Ex. Jaime Bird Collection.
Rob Lavinsky, – CC-BY-SA-3.0

10.  Real beauties???!!!

Image may contain: Gretchen McDaniel and Randall McDaniel, people smiling, sunglasses, sky, outdoor and nature
Randall and Gretchen McDaniel
August 14, 1976 (42 years)

As my Dad told me, “You sure picked a good one”! R

September 1, 2018 Sweet Wine

September 1, 2018

Greetings from the Bluff Park Back Porch, way up yonder on Shades Mountain (1,109′) in Alabama:

More nasty stuff that man kind torments itself with ???

Sugar of Lead: A Deadly Sweetener

Did ancient Romans, Pope Clement II or Ludwig van Beethoven overdose on a sweet salt of lead?



Like other lead(II) salts, lead(II) acetate has a sweet taste, which led to its historical use as a sugar substitute. The ancient Romans, who had few sweeteners besides honey, would boil must (grape juice) in lead pots to produce a reduced sugar syrup called defrutum, concentrated again into sapa. This syrup was used to sweeten wine and to sweeten and preserve fruit. It is possible that lead(II) acetate or other lead compounds leaching into the syrup might have caused lead poisoning in those who consumed it.[7] Lead acetate is no longer used in the production of sweeteners because of its recognized toxicity. Modern chemistry can easily detect it, which has almost completely stopped the illegal use that continued decades after legal use as a sweetener was banned.[8]

Historical incidents

The earliest confirmed poisoning by lead acetate was that of Pope Clement II who died in October 1047. A toxicological examination of his remains conducted in the mid-20th century confirmed centuries-old rumors that he had been poisoned with lead sugar.[9] It is not clear if he was assassinated.
In 1787 painter Albert Christoph Dies swallowed, by accident, approximately 3/4 oz (20 g) of lead acetate. His recovery from this poison was slow and incomplete. He lived with illnesses until his death in 1822.[10][11]
Although the use of lead(II) acetate as a sweetener was already illegal at that time, composer Ludwig van Beethoven may have died of lead poisoning caused by wines adulterated with lead acetate (see also Beethoven’s liver).[12][13]
In the 1850s, Mary Seacole applied lead(II) acetate, among other remedies, against an epidemic of cholera in Panama.[14][15]


Lead(II) acetate, as well as white lead, has been used in cosmetics throughout history.[16]
It is still used in the USA in men’s hair colouring products[17] like Grecian Formula. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration considers this use safe because human testing showed lead did not enter the bloodstream and was not shown to be absorbed.[6] It was, however, banned in cosmetics by Health Canada in 2005 (effective at the end of 2006) based on tests showing possible carcinogenicity and reproductive toxicity,[18] and it is also banned in the European Union[18] and has been on the California Proposition 65 warning list as a carcinogen since 1988.[19]

Medical uses

Lead(II) acetate solution was a commonly used folk remedy for sore nipples.[20] In modern medicine, for a time, it was used as an astringent, in the form of Goulard’s Extract, and it has also been used to treat poison ivy.[21]
How did lead poisoning affect the Roman Empire?
When in ancient Rome, don’t drink as the Romans do. High-born Romans sipped beverages cooked in lead vessels and channeled spring water into their homes through lead pipes (pictured). Some historians argue that lead poisoning plagued the Roman elite with diseases such as gout and hastened the empire’s fall.

Lead pipe plumbing for fresh water underneath Rome

Did Lead Poisoning Bring Down Ancient Rome?
Science.  By Thomas Sumner Apr. 21, 2014 , 3:00 PM

Lead Acetate, the First Artificial Sweetener.

“The bellows are burned, the lead is consumed of the fire; the founder melteth in vain: for the wicked are not plucked away. Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the Lord hath rejected them.”
Jeremiah, 6:29-30
Sorry, no pictures of Roman parties (orgies).  Ours are much better.

>    Personal Note.  I quite using Greecian Formula (to darken my graying hair) when I saw that it contained lead.  Any of my eccentricities can probably be blamed on this, makes for a good excuse.  R


August 24, 2018, More Pretty Arsenic for our Beauties.

August 24, 2018
In Victorian England and the post-Civil War era in America, the use of heavy metals in cosmetics- such as mercury, arsenic and lead was widespread. The ideal complexion during that era was a pale one that never saw the light of day. Women wore hats and gloves and carried parasols to shield their complexion from the sun’s rays.
However, the manner in which they achieved the pallor or sickly pale look was often through the use of arsenic. Arsenic wafers (which were eaten) were advertised to lighten a woman’s complexion, and was also present in soaps and powders; eye shadows often contained mercury and lead. In addition, large pupils were a desired trait and eyedrops made from the deadly nightshade were used to keep pupils dilated, although its use often lead to blindness. Lead was used directly on the skin through an alum poultrice to treat pimples and other irregularities, which sometimes lead to death.
Toilette by Jules James Rougeron, 1877. In the Victorian era, a pale complexion, clinched waist and large hairdo were the ideal markers of beauty.
All these cosmetic rituals seem preposterous and farcical to us now, but if we examine our own era, beauty in our day and age verge on a similar level of absurd, toxic beauty.
Now, is my woman ready to go out and eat?