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April 14, 2013 Weekly Weather and Mineral Guess

April 14, 2013

Greetings from the Bluff Park Back Porch:

For the previous week, 1.32 inches of rain fell on BP2 Weekly high was 86 and a low was 47.  We were in a gap in the squall line on Thursday.  Trussville received 2.2″ in an hour.

Metro Birmingham Forecast for the New Week:  Rain is forecast to move into the week from Sunday, skip Monday, through Thursday with a slight chance for severe weather forecast on Thursday.  Total rainfall for the week is forecast to be around 1.4“.   Weekly forecast high and low are 83, Wednesday, and 42, Saturday.

Saturday Weather Note:  “Sitting outside enjoying this weather, working on my forecast, jamming out to my favorite classic rock station and sipping on the house wine of the south, sweet tea. It doesn’t get much better than this.”
per Ryan Stinnett of ABC3340, 04/13/13

Elemental Mineral Guest:

Personal Note:  When I started chasing this element, I thought, man this may be boring > I’ll have to include some pretty jewelry pictures, until I wandered into the Synthetic versions of this element; and down another pretty path we go.  Enjoy

Our guest is a chemical element with the symbol of Y and atomic number 39.
It is a silvery-metallic transition metal is often been classified as a “rare earth element“.[2]

–    The most important use is in making phosphors, such as the red ones used in television set cathode ray tube (CRT) displays and in LEDs.[5]
–     Other uses include the production of electrodes, electrolytes, electronic filters, lasers and superconductors; various medical applications; and as traces in various materials to enhance their properties.

It is found in most rare earth minerals,[8] as well as some uranium ores, but is never found in nature as a free element.[37]

What is it?  Y _ _ _ _ _ _.

Weather Guesses

Alabama All Weather Hazards Awareness:

NWS, Huntsville, AL
NWS, Birmingham, AL:
NWS, Mobile, AL:         

Metro Birmingham.  Compliments of ABC3340

Rain_Heavy_Icon Sunday April 14
Showers a good bet,  Heavier rain/storms the further south you go.
Afternoon High 68
Wind: SE 7-14 mph    Sun percentage: 15%    Hours of rain: 2
Rain potential: 0.40″    Severe weather threat: None
Partly_Cloudy_Icon Monday April 15
Partly cloudy.
Morning Low 56   Afternoon High 80
Wind: SE 6-14 mph    Sun percentage: 75%    Hours of rain: 0
Rain potential: 0.00″    Severe weather threat: None
Sun_PM_T-Storms_Icon Tuesday April 16
A mix of sun and clouds. A few storms during the afternoon.
Morning Low 63    Afternoon High 82
Wind: SE 6-12 mph    Sun percentage: 55%    Hours of rain: 1/2
Rain potential: 0.20″    Severe weather threat: None
Sun_PM_T-Storms_Icon Wednesday April 17
Partly sunny.  Widely scattered afternoon storms.
Morning Low 64    Afternoon High 83
Wind: S 6-12 mph    Sun percentage: 70%    Hours of rain: 1/4
Rain potential: 0.15″    Severe weather threat: None
T-Storms_Icon Thursday April 18
Increasing clouds.  Showers and storms, especially overnight.
Morning Low 65   Afternoon High 79
Wind: S 10-15 mph    Sun percentage: 30%    Hours of rain: 2
Rain potential: 0.60″    Severe weather threat: Slight
Mostly_Cloudy_Icon Friday April 19
Morning clouds give way to afternoon sun, cooler.
Morning Low 47 Afternoon High 64
Wind: NW 10-15 mph Sun percentage: 80% Hours of rain: 0
Rain potential: 0.00″ Severe weather threat: None
Sunny_Icon Saturday April 13
Mostly sunny. A little cool.
Morning Low 42 Afternoon High 64
Wind: NW 5-10 mph Sun percentage: 90% Hours of rain: 0
Rain potential: 0.00″ Severe weather threat: None

Monthly Forecast by AccuWeather:

Minerals and Rocks = “The Good Life from the Ground”
“If it ain’t grown, its got to be mined”

Interactive Periodic Table

Yttrium is our elemental guest this week.

Yttrium Images:

Synthetic Garnets
Yttrium is used in the production of a large variety of synthetic garnets,[51] and yttria is used to make yttrium iron garnets (Y3Fe5O12 or YIG), which are very effective microwave filters.[4] Yttrium, iron, aluminium, and gadolinium garnets (e.g. Y3(Fe,Al)5O12 and Y3(Fe,Ga)5O12) have important magnetic properties.[4] YIG is also very efficient as an acoustic energy transmitter and transducer.[52] Yttrium aluminium garnet (Y3Al5O12 or YAG) has a hardness of 8.5 and is also used as a gemstone in jewelry (simulated diamond).[4] Cerium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG:Ce) crystals are used as phosphors to make white LEDs.[53][54][55]

YAG, yttria, yttrium lithium fluoride (LiYF4), and yttrium orthovanadate (YVO4) are used in combination with dopants such as neodymium, erbium, ytterbium in near-infrared lasers.[56][57] YAG lasers have the ability to operate at high power and are used for drilling into and cutting metal.[44]

YAG = Yttrium Aluminum Garnet

Yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG, Y3Al5O12) is a synthetic crystalline material of the garnet group

As a synthetic gemstone YAG has numerous varietal and trade names, as well as a number of misnomers. Synonymous names include: alexite, amamite, circolite, dia-bud, diamite, diamogem, diamonair, diamone, diamonique, diamonite, diamonte, di’yag, geminair, gemonair, kimberly, Linde simulated diamond, nier-gem, regalair, replique, somerset, triamond, YAIG, and yttrium garnet.
Images of YAG Jewelry
Prices range from $Tens to $Hundreds of dollars.

YIG = Ytttrium Iron Garnet

Yttrium iron garnet (YIG) is a kind of synthetic garnet, with chemical composition Y3Fe2(FeO4)3, or Y3Fe5O12.

Images of YIG (Yitrium Iron Garnet)

Images of YIG Jewelry

Yttrium(III) fluoride
is an inorganic chemical compound with the chemical formula YF3. It is not known naturally in ‘pure’ form.

Caution:  Watch out for the contents of the aforementioned web sites.  People will include everything.

Metal Prices

Base Metals:


Enjoy the attached pictures.

Have A Good Week!


10 Images | View Slideshow | Download Selected

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