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July 13, 2014 Weekly Weather and Rock Guess

July 13, 2014
tags:

Greetings from the Bluff Park Back Porch, way up yonder on Shades Mountain (1,109′) in Alabama:


This week’s rock guess are those other natural hole in the ground.  What are they?

For the previous week, 0 inches of rain fell on BP2 The weekly high was 92 and the weekly low was 63.
  Humidity ranged from 97% down to 34%

Metro Birmingham Forecast for the New Week


    95 is the forecast high, and 60 is the forecast low, brrrr. 
    1.75″ of rain is forecast for the week. 
>    Tuesday, now has an 80% chance of rain.
>    60 for forecast Thursday morning low, getting into record breaking territory.

Space Weather
http://spaceweather.com/
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Weather Guesses


Alabama All Weather Hazards Awareness:
http://www.srh.noaa.gov/images/bmx/aware/swaw_2011/web_version2.pdf

NWS, Huntsville, AL
:            http://www.srh.noaa.gov/hun/
NWS, Birmingham, AL:        http://www.srh.noaa.gov/bmx/
NWS, Mobile, AL:                   http://www.srh.noaa.gov/mob/



Metro Birmingham.  Compliments of ABC3340
http://www.alabamawx.com/?page_id=31752

 
(Note:  added percentages of rain from NWS)(% change frequently)

Partly_Cloudy_Icon Sunday July 13
Mostly sunny and hot. A few isolated afternoon storms.
Afternoon High 94
Wind: SW 6-12 mph   Sun percentage: 70%   Hours of rain: 1/2
Rain potential: 0.15″  Severe weather threat: None

Isolated Thunderstorms Chance for Measurable Precipitation 20%
Sun_PM_T-Storms_Icon Monday July 14
Increasing clouds and storms. More widespread overnight.
Morning Low 73   Afternoon High 90
Wind: SW/W 6-12 mph   Sun percentage: 55%   Hours of rain: 1
Rain potential: 0.45″   Severe weather threat: None
Chance Thunderstorms Chance for Measurable Precipitation 40%Chance Thunderstorms Chance for Measurable Precipitation 50%
T-Storms_Icon Tuesday July 15
Mostly cloudy with showers and storms.
Morning Low 71   Afternoon High 85
Wind: S 7-14 mph   Sun percentage: 30%   Hours of rain: 2
Rain potential: 0.75″   Severe weather threat: None
Thunderstorms Likely Chance for Measurable Precipitation 70%Slight Chance Thunderstorms Chance for Measurable Precipitation 20%
Sunny_Icon Wednesday July 16
Sunny, less humid and pleasant.
Morning Low 64   Afternoon High 84
Wind: N 7-14 mph   Sun percentage: 90%   Hours of rain: 0
Rain potential: 0.00″   Severe weather threat: None
Mostly SunnySlight Chance Thunderstorms Chance for Measurable Precipitation 20%
Partly_Cloudy_Icon Thursday July 17
Mostly sunny, a cool start, very pleasant day.
Morning Low 60   Afternoon High 81
Wind: N 6-12 mph   Sun percentage: 80%   Hours of rain: 0
Rain potential: 0.00″(30%)   Severe weather threat: None
Sun_PM_T-Storms_Icon Friday July 18
Partly sunny. Some showers and storms return.
Morning Low 62   Afternoon High 86
Wind: SE 6-12 mph Sun percentage: 55% Hours of rain: 1/2
Rain potential: 0.20″(40%-30%)  Severe weather threat: None
Sun_PM_T-Storms_Icon Saturday July 19
Mixed clouds and sun, with showers and storms.
Morning Low 67    Afternoon High 88
Wind: S 6-12 mph Sun percentage: 55% Hours of rain: 1/2
Rain potential: 0.20″(40%)  Severe weather threat: None


Weather Underground Map for Metro Birmingham (Just wander around the state to pick you closest weather station).
http://www.wunderground.com/wundermap/?lat=33.24038696&lon=-86.82407379&zoom=10&pin=

Monthly Forecast by AccuWeather

http://www.accuweather.com/en/us/birmingham-al/35203/july-weather/346630?monyr=7/1/2014

Alabama Climate Data
http://nsstc.uah.edu/alclimate/climate/daily_climate.php




Minerals and Rocks = “The Good Life from the Ground”
“If it ain’t grown, its got to be mined”


ROCKS

Rocks are made up of minerals and cover the earth.

Rocks:    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rock_%28geology%29


In continuation of our study of Karst Terrain, we will concentrate on the Non-Limestone CAVES.

Caves:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cave
(Look at mind boggling superlatives at bottom of article.)

    Limestone Solution Caves made by
H2CO3 (carbonic acid), as shown in last week’s Guess.
   
Limestone Solution Caves made by H2S (hydrogen sulfide).  The prime example of this type of cave are Lechuguilla Cave in New Mexico and nearby Carlsbad Cavern

Lechuguilla Video:
https://search.yahoo.com/search?p=lechuguilla+cave+videos&ei=UTF-8&fr=moz35

Carlsbad Caverns Video:
https://search.yahoo.com/search?p=Carlsbad+Caverns+Videos&ei=UTF-8&fr=moz35


    Lava Caves or Lava Tubes are caused by flowing hot lava, such as those in Hawaii, Sunset Crater in Arizona, and Newberry Crater in Oregon.

Lave Cave Video:
https://search.yahoo.com/search?p=Lava+Cave+Videos&ei=UTF-8&fr=moz35

    Sea Caves cut by wave action.
Mercer Bay Sea Cave: 
https://search.yahoo.com/search?p=Sea+Cave+Videos&ei=UTF-8&fr=moz35

    Erosional caves caused by flowing water or wind.
Arches National Park, Utah:
https://search.yahoo.com/search?p=arches+national+park+videos&ei=UTF-8&fr=moz35

    Glacier Caves from ice.
https://search.yahoo.com/search?p=glacier+cave+videos&ei=UTF-8&fr=moz35


Figure 1:    Erosional Cave – Wind, Elephant Rock, Utah.
Figure 2:    Erosional Cave – Water, Hard Rock.  Sandstone or Granite?
Figure 3:    Glacier Cave. Cueva excavada en el hielo por aguas termales, Islandia
Figure 4:    H2S.  Carlsbad Caverns.
Figure 5:    H2S.  Lechuguilla Cave, Pearlsian Gulf.
Figure 6:    Lava Tube, Newberry Crater, R.McDaniel.
Figure 7:    Lava Tube,Hawaiian Islands.
Figure 8:    Sea Cave, Akun Island, Basalt



Enjoy!
R

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The rights belong to their respective owners”
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Copyright Disclaimer: Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.
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Have A Good Week!

Randy/Randall
Erosion Cave - Wind. Elephant Rock, Utah

Erosion Cave – Wind. Elephant Rock, Utah

Erosional Cave - Water, Hard Rock

Erosional Cave – Water, Hard Rock

Glacier Cave.  Cueva_excavada_en_el_hielo_por_aguas_termales,_Islandia

Glacier Cave. Cueva_excavada_en_el_hielo_por_aguas_termales,_Islandia

H2S.  Carlsbad Caverns

H2S. Carlsbad Caverns

H2S.  Lechuguilla Cave, Pearlsian Gulf

H2S. Lechuguilla Cave, Pearlsian Gulf

Lava Tube, Newberry Crater, R.McDaniel

Lava Tube, Newberry Crater, R.McDaniel

Lava Tube,Hawaiian Islands

Lava Tube,Hawaiian Islands

Sea Cave, Akun Island, Basalt

Sea Cave, Akun Island, Basalt

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