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July 2, 2017 Weekly Geology Guest, Oil

July 2, 2017
Greetings from the Bluff Park Back Porch, way up yonder on Shades Mountain (1,109′) in Alabama:
 
 
For the next several weeks we will discuss the Energy/Fuels Minerals mentioned in Nova’s Treasures of the Earth.  These include coal, oil, natural gas, and natural radioactive minerals.  I have added geothermal since it is earth based.
 
This week we will take a peek at the minerals associated with oil.

Remember our energy needs are based on the fuel that is available, cheapest, and most reliable.
 
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OIL or Petroleum
 
Oil well gusher in 1922, Okemah, Oklahoma.  Most people’s image of modern oil drilling = Nope > Major mess if you lose a lot of dollars/oil, Say BP in the GOM = Not good for everybody.  R
Wow!  How do you corner such a huge slippery subject that will impact us for at least another century?
“Oil is used for heating and transportation — most notably, as fuel for gas-powered vehicles. America’s dependence on foreign oil has declined in recent years, but oil prices have increased.”
Petroleum  or Everything that you did or didn’t want to know about oil.  R

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum

“A fossil fuel, petroleum is formed when large quantities of dead organisms, usually zooplankton and algae, are buried underneath sedimentary rock and subjected to both intense heat and pressure.”
 
Modern Day Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas
.  2007. by Flcelloguy
 
 
Naturally occurring oil seep near McKittrick, California, United States.

Natural asphalt with embedded wood, Pitch Lake, Trinidad and Tobago. Asphalt has been produced from Pitch Lake since 1851.  2012.  CarlUngewitter

 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Western_development_%289%29.jpg
Diatomite outcrop containing oil that seeps out in hot weather, near McKittrick, in Kern County California.  2000. r Lldenke
Asphalt, also known as bitumen, is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum. It may be found in natural deposits or may be a refined product, and is classed as a pitch.”
Natural bitumen from the Dead Sea
By Daniel Tzvi – Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1960710
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5d/Puy_de_Poix%2C_gisement_bitumeux.JPG
All Natural Bituminous outcrop of the Puy de la Poix, Clermont-Ferrand, France.  2010.  Vales
Tar sandstone from California, United States.
2013.  James St. John
 
Natural Pitch Lake (asphalt), Trinidad.  2016
The lake covers about 40 ha and is reported to be 75 m deep.
2016.  Grueslayer
 
 

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NOVA, Treasures of the Earth
 
1.    NOVA, Treasures of the Earth, Gems.
 
2.    NOVA, Treasures of the Earth, Metals.
 
3.    NOVA, Treasures of the Earth, Power (Fossil Fuels).
 
>    Search:  iron, iron age, iron ore, iron artifacts.
References include:
–    Wikipedia
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Editors Note:  It is the intent of this site to keep this discussion as simple as possible, so as to educate the interested general public and not to discuss with the geology crowd the latest geologic theories and nuances.  Thanks, R
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“No copyright infringement intended.
The rights belong to their respective owners”
 
Copyright Disclaimer: Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.
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Author’s Request:  If you see any pictures that you know the source and photographer, let me know immediately.  Thanks!  R



Images have been searched by TinEye Reverse Image Search.  http://tineye.com/
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Sorry, no detailed pictures this week, fossil fuels are just not that photogenic.  R
 
Next week I will continue with Fossil Fuels, Natural Gas.
Now?  This should be interesting since natural gas/methane is normally invisible to the human eye.
 
 
 
Enjoy the adventure!
 
Thanks,
 
 

R
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